Hedge fund holdings and stock market efficiency (Federal Reserve Board, Finance and Economics Discussion Series)

May 2014

KEYWORDS: Institutional Investors, Lehman Brothers, leverage, Liquidity, hedge funds, stock, market efficiency, Equity markets, transaction size, mutual funds, banks

Authors:

Charles Cao, Bing Liang, Andrew W. Lo, Lubomir Petrasek

Organizations:
  • Federal Reserve Board, Finance and Economics Discussion Series

Summary:
We examine the relation between changes in hedge fund stock holdings and measures of informational efficiency of equity prices derived from transactions data, and find that, on average, increased hedge fund ownership leads to significant improvements in the informational efficiency of equity prices. The contribution of hedge funds to price efficiency is greater than the contributions of other types of institutional investors, such as mutual funds or banks. However, stocks held by hedge funds experienced extreme declines in price efficiency during liquidity crises, most notably in the last quarter of 2008, and the declines were most severe in stocks held by hedge funds connected to Lehman Brothers and hedge funds using leverage.

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