KEYWORDS: managed futures, John Lintner, stock, Equity markets, risk management, Institutional Investors, portfolio diversification, futures commission merchant, FCM, foreign exchange, hedge funds, Liquidity, commodity trading advisor, CTA, index, assets under management, AUM, Exchange-Traded Funds, ETF, market risk, alternative investment, commodity risk, transparency, custody, omega, fixed income, Hedge Fund Research, financial crisis, benchmark, Newedge, alpha, absolute return
Ranjan Bhaduri, PhD, CFA, CAIA
Elizabeth Flores, CAIA
The late Dr. John Lintner (1916 – 1983), a Harvard University Professor, had an illustrious and prolific career, including recognition as one of the co-creators of the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM). Lintner found the risk-adjusted return of a portfolio of managed futures to be higher than that of a traditional portfolio consisting of stocks and bonds. The Lintner study also found that portfolios of stocks and/or bonds combined with managed futures showed substantially less risk at every possible level of expected return than portfolios of stocks and/or bonds alone.
The objectives of this paper are not at all modest, namely, to furnish a modern-day Lintner paper, and also to dispel some common myths regarding managed futures. While Lintner’s study has been applauded by scholars and practitioners who have read it, there still seems to be a gap and disconnect between many institutional investors and the managed futures space. Is this because through the passage of time the kernel of Lintner’s findings is no longer true? Read the paper to find out.